The following was submitted by American Legion Post 479 member Alex Castillo.
June 6, 1944, also known as D-Day, marks the beginning of the invasion of Western Europe by the Allies of World War II.
The invasion was referred to as Operation Overlord and began with the Allies landing in Normandy, France. The Americans landed on Omaha Beach and Utah Beach, while the British landed on Gold Beach and Sword Beach. The Canadians landed on Juno Beach.
The American 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, as well as the British Sixth Airborne Division, used parachutes to land behind German lines during the early hours of June 6, 1944.
The invasion took years of planning, was complicated, and was at the mercy of many intangibles, including the weather. American General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander, knew the endeavor was not foolproof, and casualties would be high.
The Normandy Campaign would continue until June 30, 1944. Causalities for the American forces by the end of July 1, 1944, were 2,811 killed, 5,665 missing, 79 prisoners of war and 13,564 wounded.
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